On October 23, 1992, while the Boston Harbor case was still on trial, President George H.W. Bush signed Executive Order 12818 prohibiting federal authorities from carrying out union work exclusively for construction projects.  Bush`s ordinance prohibiting the use of LTCs in federal construction projects.  The Clinton administration rescinded that order when President Bill Clinton issued Executive Order 12836 in February 1993, shortly after taking office.  This contract allowed federal authorities to finance construction projects for which contractors needed a PLA.  A month later, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously upheld the implementation of public projects agreements in the Boston Harbor Cleanup case.  The Supreme Court held that if the government was in the role of a regulatory authority, it was not in a position to require the use of PLA in accordant to the principles of pre-emption of labour law, but it could choose to do so as a market player without being anticipated by the National Labor Relations Act.  The Court did not consider whether state-imposed APAs were legal under the federal or federal competition laws.
The decision has led to increased use of ATPs in public works projects in the United States Supporters say, LPAs can be used by owners of public projects such as school leaders or municipal councils to set goals for local job creation and social goals through the construction projects for which they apply.    PLA may include provisions relating to targeted recruitment and learning relationships. Supporters believe that PLns can be used to help local workers develop skills by integrating the requirements of a certain proportion of local workers to participate in union apprenticeship programs working in the construction program.  The term “Community Workforce Agreement” (CWA) can be used to describe AEPs with Community provisions.   Supporters state that the Community`s labour agreements will return to the municipalities the taxpayers` funds paid for these infrastructure projects.    Opponents of the PLA referred to examples such as the construction of Yankee Stadium and the Washington Nationals Ballpark, for which the two community agreements were concluded, but which did not achieve the objectives of local attitude and resources that were to be made available to the Community.    According to a report for the DC Sports and Entertainment Commission, the PLA for the Nationals Ballpark did not achieve its three main objectives, namely that local workers worked 50% of company hours, apprenticeship places only for city dwellers and apprentices to work 25% of the hours of work for the project.  According to groups such as ABC, since TTPs require workers to be recruited through unions and there are far fewer union workers, this may mean that local recruitment targets cannot be met.
 […] DOL Job Corps Center in Manchester, New Hampshire, subject to an anti-competitive and expensive project work contract (PLA) […] “A government-imposed project work contract (PLA) is an anti-competitive and expensive program designed by Big Labor and sympathetic public servants” EAT YOUR WORDS!!! (Best non-union study .. fire back!! … Thank you!) The agreements have been used in the United States since the 1930s and were first used in the 1980s for publicly funded projects.